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Symptoms
The most common symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) are recent onset of:
  • New continuous cough and/or
  • High temperature
  • loss or change to your sense of smell or taste  

For most people, coronavirus (COVID-19) will be a mild illness If you have coronavirus symptoms:
  • Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital
  • You do not need to contact 111 to tell them you're staying at home
  • Testing for coronavirus is not needed if you're staying at home
  • Plan ahead and ask others for help to ensure that you can successfully stay at home and consider what can be done for vulnerable people in the household
  • Ask your employer, friends and family to help you to get the things you need to stay at home
  • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, each time using soap and water, or use hand sanitiser
  • If you feel you cannot cope with your symptoms at home, or your condition gets worse, or your symptoms do not get better after 7 days, then use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service. If you do not have internet access, call NHS 111. For a medical emergency dial 999
  • Visit NHS 111 Online for more information

Stay at Home
  • If you live alone and you have symptoms of coronavirus illness (COVID-19), however mild, stay at home for 7 days from when your symptoms started. (See ending isolation section below for more information)
  • If you live with others and you or one of them have symptoms of coronavirus, then all household members must stay at home and not leave the house for 14 days. The 14-day period starts from the day when the first person in the house became ill
  • It is likely that people living within a household will infect each other or be infected already. Staying at home for 14 days will greatly reduce the overall amount of infection the household could pass on to others in the community
  • For anyone in the household who starts displaying symptoms, they need to stay at home for 7 days from when the symptoms appeared, regardless of what day they are on in the original 14 day isolation period. (See ending isolation section below for more information
  • If you can, move any vulnerable individuals (such as the elderly and those with underlying health conditions) out of your home, to stay with friends or family for the duration of the home isolation period
  • If you cannot move vulnerable people out of your home, stay away from them as much as possible
Find out more about UK Gov Coronavirus Response
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What we have to say about your health and well being
4
Jan 2016
Alcohol Awareness by Hayley Jackson

This page includes information on alcohol including what units are and how to calculate how many units you drink, how many calories common drinks contain, common health problems associated with alcohol and tips on cutting down on how much you drink

Units

Alcohol is measured in units (one unit is equal to 10ml of pure alcohol) and the advice is that men should not regularly exceed 3-4 units per day and women should not regularly exceed 2-3 units per day. It is also recommended to have at least 2 days per week completely alcohol free. Binge drinking is defined for men as drinking more than 8 units and for women more than 6 units in a day

How many units are in an alcoholic drink?

The number of units in a drink depends on the type of alcohol and how strong it is. The percentage strength can be found on the bottle/can etc.

Beer/lager/cider:

Pint of lower strength (3.6%) = 2 units

Pint of higher strength (5.2%) = 3 units

Can (4.5%) = 2 units

Bottle (5%) = 1.7 units

Wine:

Based on a 12% wine:

Small glass (125ml) = 1.5 units

Medium glass (175ml) = 2.1 units

Large glass (250ml) = 3 units

A 750ml bottle of 13.5% wine contains 10 units

Spirits:

A single shot (25ml) of a spirit = 1 unit

Alcopop:

A 275ml bottle of alcopop (5.5%) = 1.5 units

Health problems associated with alcohol:

Alcohol and weight problems:

Many people don't think of the calories they are consuming when drinking alcohol and are surprised to know the calorie content of the alcohol that they drink. The recommended total daily calorie intake for men is 2,500kcal and for women is 2,000kcal

The average number of calories in popular alcoholic drinks are listed below:

Pint of lager: 165 kcal

Pint of stronger lager or ale: 335 kcal

Small glass (125ml) of wine: 95 kcal

Large glass (250ml) of wine: 190 kcal

Bottle of alcopop: 225 kcal

Single shot of whiskey with no mixer: 64 kcal

As well as the alcohol itself, many people drink with sugary soft drinks and chose to eat more unhealthy foods when they have been drinking than they would have otherwise. Therefore cutting down on alcohol can also help you to lose weight

Alcohol is the third greatest risk to health behind smoking and obesity. Regularly drinking over the guidelines can increase your risk of a number of different health conditions. You don't need to be an alcoholic to suffer from harmful effects of alcohol. It often takes many years for the long-term harmful effects to develop. They include:

High blood pressure

Liver disease including cirrhosis and liver cancer

Reduced fertility

Pancreatitis

Certain types of cancers including the mouth, throat, neck and breast

Tips on cutting down:

  • chose alcohol of a lower strength than you would normally drink
  • when drinking at home, use smaller glasses or fill the glass to a lower point
  • before you start drinking set a limit on how much to drink and stick to it
  • alternate between an alcoholic drink and a low calorie soft drink
  • don't use alcohol to quench your thirst, if you are thirsty then have water or a soft drink
  • don't keep alcohol in the house, avoid buying any during the weekly shopping trips
  • ask a friend to cut down with you so you can support each other

Dry January

Dry January is a campaign that takes place each year where anyone can participate and pledge to drink no alcohol during the month of January

The benefits of staying away from alcohol could include:

  • Saving money
  • Weight loss
  • Better sleep
  • Clearer skin
  • No hangovers
  • The feeling of achievement once you have completed the month
  • It will also help you to get out of the habit of drinking and help you to cut down in the future

You can find out more information about Dry January here:

http://www.dryjanuary.org.uk/

For more information on alcohol you can visit the following websites, or talk to your pharmacist or GP

http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/alcohol/Pages/Effectsofalcohol.aspx

http://www.drinkaware.co.uk/

https://www.alcoholconcern.org.uk/

To find out about helplines and local alcohol support groups you can visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/alcohol/Pages/Alcoholsupport.aspx

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