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CORONAVIRUS
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Symptoms
The most common symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) are recent onset of:
  • New continuous cough and/or
  • High temperature
  • loss or change to your sense of smell or taste  

For most people, coronavirus (COVID-19) will be a mild illness If you have coronavirus symptoms:
  • Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital
  • You do not need to contact 111 to tell them you're staying at home
  • Testing for coronavirus is not needed if you're staying at home
  • Plan ahead and ask others for help to ensure that you can successfully stay at home and consider what can be done for vulnerable people in the household
  • Ask your employer, friends and family to help you to get the things you need to stay at home
  • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, each time using soap and water, or use hand sanitiser
  • If you feel you cannot cope with your symptoms at home, or your condition gets worse, or your symptoms do not get better after 7 days, then use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service. If you do not have internet access, call NHS 111. For a medical emergency dial 999
  • Visit NHS 111 Online for more information

Stay at Home
  • If you live alone and you have symptoms of coronavirus illness (COVID-19), however mild, stay at home for 7 days from when your symptoms started. (See ending isolation section below for more information)
  • If you live with others and you or one of them have symptoms of coronavirus, then all household members must stay at home and not leave the house for 14 days. The 14-day period starts from the day when the first person in the house became ill
  • It is likely that people living within a household will infect each other or be infected already. Staying at home for 14 days will greatly reduce the overall amount of infection the household could pass on to others in the community
  • For anyone in the household who starts displaying symptoms, they need to stay at home for 7 days from when the symptoms appeared, regardless of what day they are on in the original 14 day isolation period. (See ending isolation section below for more information
  • If you can, move any vulnerable individuals (such as the elderly and those with underlying health conditions) out of your home, to stay with friends or family for the duration of the home isolation period
  • If you cannot move vulnerable people out of your home, stay away from them as much as possible
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What we have to say about your health and well being
1
Jul 2015
HEPATITIS by Sumaiya Aya

Hepatitis is a term used to describe inflammation (swelling) of the liver. It can occur as the result of a viral infection or because the liver is exposed to harmful substances such as alcohol.

A virus is a small particle, much smaller than a bacteria that you can get infected with in various ways. There are several viruses that cause hepatitis. The common ones are hepatitis A, B and C. Most people recover from hepatitis A with no lasting liver damage, but hepatitis B and C can cause long term liver disease and even liver cancer.

What causes viral Hepatitis?

Hepatitis A and E you can catch through dirty water, through infected food or poor food handling hygiene. It’s what we call a faecal-oral route – so you acquire it by the mouth and spread it via faeces. You can avoid those with good hand hygiene and cooking things properly.

Then we have the common acute hepatitis, which is a short illness that may be severe but from which most people will recover in a few weeks. What we mean by chronic viral hepatitis is when you have had something for more than 6 months and possibly, for the rest of your life. Then we are really talking about Hepatitis B and C. You tend to catch those by blood-to-blood transfer and transfer of bodily fluids. So the most common way of catching those are catching Hepatitis B sexually or you can acquire it during the time in your mother’s womb. That’s probably the way it’s actually caught most widely in the world.

Hepatitis C is through blood-to-blood contact. So the most common way now in this country is through intravenous drug use. But in the past it has been caused by blood transfusion before we knew about the virus. It is still caught in quite a lot of parts of the world through unsafe injection techniques in medical care. It can also be acquired sexually, as well, although less commonly. The other way you can get it is household contact – things like sharing razor blades, toothbrushes etc. So be careful about that if you’ve got it and you are sharing a house with people who haven’t got it.

How is it prevented?

To avoid getting Hepatitis B and C what you really need to do is avoid other people’s blood and bodily fluids. In terms of sex, using condoms is the best way of avoiding that. Also general hygiene measures – like not using someone else’s razor or toothbrush. That also includes people who use cocaine. Often people share straws or notes in order to snort the cocaine up. So if someone has a nose bleed or has a little sore nose you can get their body fluids on it and then you snort up your own nose. Tattooing is another potential way that you can get Hepatitis C. Hopefully most places in the UK now at least are savvy of the fact that sharing needles is a way of spreading hepatitis C and so it was with tattoos. If you know you’ve got viral hepatitis, then please be careful to try and avoid infecting other people. So if you’ve got a cut or are bleeding, always cover it up and clean it yourself. Also if you have an accident tell people you’re infected. So they can take appropriate precautions to avoid catching it themselves.

Further information:

  1. http://www.pharmaceutical-journal.com/opinion/comment/testing-for-hepatitis-in-pharmacies/10992560.article
  2. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Hepatitis/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  3. http://www.who.int/features/qa/76/en/
  4. http://www.hepatitisscotland.org.uk/index.php/what-s-the-difference-between-hepatitis-b-and-c/
  5. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/alcohol/Pages/Effectsofalcohol.aspx
  6. http://www.nhs.uk/hepatitisc/Pages/default.aspx
  7. http://www.britishlivertrust.org.uk/
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